Frame and park settings

To start with a fixed-tilt table generation it's necessary to proceed with the setup of the frames and the placement settings of tables. To do so - click on Frame & park settings and go through the three tabs in there.

Frame creation

  • Current preset - create, save, or delete your presets (presets apply for the current DWG and can be imported/export to other DWGs)

  • Module parameters - define your main module parameters.

  • Frame parameters - define your frame parameters.

  • Custom piling - define your piling setup and pole distances for the frame.

Under the Custom piling menu, you can adjust your piling information. You can choose a horizontal and vertical pile amount and their spacing for each pre-set that you make.

Placement setup

In the Placement setup menu, you can see all of your created frames pre-sets depending on the type you choose. You can select them all to fill your PVarea the best way possible.

  • Framing type - select either fixed-tilt or single-axis trackers or east-west.

  • Preset library - this is where all of your created presets for this DWG can be selected for a generation. You can select multiple amounts of tables.

  • Frame placement order - there are two frame placement orders you can choose from for fixed-tilt that will impact table placement order for a row. The differences can be seen in the image below

Park settings

Park settings are split into three separate parts: Project settings, Design settings, and Height settings.

In the Project Settings, you can now set a location for your project.

  • If you choose the Shading limit as a Timebase parameter, you will be able to select a specific day and time that will automatically bring the sun's altitude for that particular time and calculate the flat pitch distance automatically to keep it shade-free.

  • If you choose the Shading limit as an Angle base parameter PVcase will still give you the Sun position, the difference now is that you can manually edit the Sun position field and later the flat pitch distance.

In the Design Settings, you can define the spacing between each frame going uphill, on flat surfaces, and going downhill to get the best result without having any shading on frames, or if you need the same distance between all of your frames you can enable Fixed distance function, but this function can only be used with Angle option. It is also possible to change the azimuth of your frames and Frame orientation by selecting it in the dropdown menu the orientation of your frames will be based on their position on the globe - north hemisphere = south facing and south hemisphere = north-facing frames.

One of the more important settings here is the Aligned rows toggle which changes the table placement output. You can hover over the checkbox to understand the difference:

Enabling or disabling this checkbox in the park settings will directly impact the table generation but it can be only used for 2D designs. Using aligned rows will allow you to have a more orderly layout when free space is plenty. However, if you don't have a lot of space and need to fill in more capacity then not aligning the rows is a better idea.

Height settings

In the Height settings section, you can set the table height for the entire generation. Notice that the input field says Reference height and not the minimum clearance height - PVcase places tables based on a reference height disregarding terrain collision. However, terrain collision can be analyzed as a further step using Civil analysis.

Layout generation settings

In the Layout and generation settings menu it is possible to proceed with the following selections:

  • Select the Restriction zone layer (boundaries on this layer will be avoided by frames).

  • Select Distance units (millimeters/meters or inches/feet).

  • The Topographic layout option allows generating on a terrain survey, or on a flat surface when you don't have terrain data.

  • The Optimized frames option hides unnecessary objects (3D modules, poles) to increase the performance of AutoCAD.

  • Using the Select button you can select or reselect the terrain data to be used.

Defining generation and exclusion areas

Boundaries or PV areas are defined as a region drawn with a closed polyline. In order to create such a boundary - you can use AutoCAD's polyline function or any other drawing tool that will give you a closed boundary (i.e. rectangle)

Usually, this region or boundary is separate from the actual site boundary and is offset from it.

🛈 Be sure to always close the polyline by using the close command (enter C into the command line while still drawing the line) or attaching the polyline end vertex to the start point with the green object snap.

Boundary troubleshooting

The following error message appears when there are problems with the PV area region. Try checking the vertices to see whether you might have any polyline crossing over each other that create smaller areas or perhaps vertices on top of each other.

Defining exclusion zones (offset areas)

Exclusion zones - by default, the PVcase offset layer is regarded as the exclusion zone layer. You can change which layer should be regarded as the exclusion zone in Layout generation settings.

This means, that any closed areas on this layer will force the software to avoid placing frames in that area - you can draw it using the same approach as you would for a PV area (Closed polyline).

Generation

Once the parameters are all set, the generation can be done by selecting one out of two-generation types:

Generate single area - generate tables in a single area by selecting the area's polyline, terrain data (optional), and drawing the alignment line.

Alignment line - PVcase aligns tables towards a line that can be drawn on the boundary of the PV area, inside or outside. When drawing the polyline simply select as many points you need and hit ENTER or SPACE after you're done.

🛈 To learn more about drawing alignment lines please click below.

Generate multiple areas - this generation should be used when multiple areas are next to each other and need to have rows aligned between them. To use this generation, simply select the areas you want to generate and draw a shared alignment line because PVcase will use the same alignment line for all the areas.

Moving frames manually (shadow frames)

After generation, you can freely move tables around and copy them. However, sometimes they might turn red because they need to be adapted to the terrain or reassigned to an area. Until they are resolved they will not be counted inside Layout information.

🛈 To learn more about how to work with shadow frames please click below.

To align or not to align rows

In some circumstances, it is important to understand the differences between using and not using aligned rows and what changes in the layout this can introduce.

For example, using aligned rows might create a layout that has to be adjusted to fill more capacity by moving tables around by hand (see picture below). Rerunning the same generation, without aligned rows, will put tables closer to restriction areas but the rows will not be aligned between each other.

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